Research

Outreach Shows Progress, Promise in Fighting Oral Cancer Despite COVID-19

LEXINGTON, Ky. (July 29, 2020) — Nearly two years into a three-year project to "Eradicate Oral Cancer in Eastern Kentucky," the University of Kentucky's College of Dentistry (UKCD) continues its work to raise public awareness of the symptoms of oral cancer and help connect patients who need additional care to cancer specialists in Lexington.

UKCD was awarded a $1 million grant from the United Health Foundation in 2018 to tackle the high prevalence of oral cancer in Harlan, Letcher and Pike counties in Eastern Kentucky, and lead an integrated outreach and care program delivered to local residents through their local health departments. Despite COVID-19, their work continues.

Dr. Pam VanArsdall is the grant education director. She said once the pandemic hit, the team had to get creative.

"Oral cancer didn't stop when COVID-19 started," VanArsdall said. "This work is important and must continue. We are intentionally designing the grant activities to leave a legacy behind which will provide sustained benefits for Eastern Kentucky residents."

Kentucky has one of the nation's highest incidences of oral cancer, according to the National Institutes of Health, and the prevalence of oral cancer in the targeted counties is as much as 54% higher than the state average. Pike County has the highest rate of oral cancer in the state for women and people 50 years old and younger. Harlan County has the second highest rate of oral cancer for people over the age of 65. 

Oral cancer has a high rate of mortality, with only approximately 57% of individuals surviving five years after diagnosis, due, in large part, to late discovery. If oral cancer is found early, the survival rates are excellent.

Prior to COVID, the team provided over 1,000 free oral cancer screenings in the three targeted counties. The plan is to resume those screening events once it is safe to do so.

In the meantime, VanArsdall said the team is carrying out a multi-pronged awareness campaign to continue educating people about the causes of oral cancer and how to prevent it, how to do your own self-exam and the importance of a yearly oral cancer screening by a health professional. This work includes educating community groups at Farmer's Markets, Feeding Programs, Food City groceries and local businesses; providing lectures for nursing, medical and dental hygiene students at University of Pikeville, American National University, and Big Sandy Community and Technical College; and working with high schools to create curriculum to curb tobacco use, as tobacco is responsible for 75% of the oral cancer cases.

Perhaps one of the biggest ongoing efforts includes educating health care professionals through in-person and Zoom meetings about oral cancer and how they might increase tobacco cessation efforts in their practices, including through educational resources for patients to learn about local, state and national programs to help them quit.

"Education and yearly oral health screenings are extremely important for highlighting the risk and early detection of oral cancer," Dr. Melvyn Yeoh, chief of the Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at the UKCD and principle investigator of the grant, said. "By bringing this project to Eastern Kentucky, we seek to decrease the rates and catastrophic outcomes that oral cancer can cause."

The University of Kentucky is increasingly the first choice for students, faculty and staff to pursue their passions and their professional goals. In the last two years, Forbes has named UK among the best employers for diversity, and INSIGHT into Diversity recognized us as a Diversity Champion three years running. UK is ranked among the top 30 campuses in the nation for LGBTQ* inclusion and safety. UK has been judged a “Great College to Work for" three years in a row, and UK is among only 22 universities in the country on Forbes' list of "America's Best Employers."  We are ranked among the top 10 percent of public institutions for research expenditures — a tangible symbol of our breadth and depth as a university focused on discovery that changes lives and communities. And our patients know and appreciate the fact that UK HealthCare has been named the state’s top hospital for four straight years. Accolades and honors are great. But they are more important for what they represent: the idea that creating a community of belonging and commitment to excellence is how we honor our mission to be not simply the University of Kentucky, but the University for Kentucky.